13. Factors related to suicidal behavior in adolescents at the Vietnam National Children's Hospital from 2020 - 2022
Nội dung chính của bài viết
This is a prospective study on 32 children with suicidal behavior who came to the National Children’s Hospital for examination and treatment from February 2020 to September 2022. There were more girls than boys (71.9%% vs 28.1%). There is a relationship between the child -parents, father-mother with the child’s suicidal behavior. The main events leading to children’s suicidal behavior are mainly related to the family and school environment, accounting for 87.5%, 62.5% children are introverted, 28.1% children have suicidal ideation and behavior and 18.8% of cases had self-destructive behavior. 81.2% of children showed warning signs before committing suicide. Suicide is more common in girls. Family relationships between parents and children are related to children’s suicidal behavior. The main events associated with suicidal behavior are primarily in the home and school settings. We recommend that children should be examined when they show warning signs related to suicide.
Chi tiết bài viết
Relevant factors, suicide, children, Vietnam National Children’s Hospital
Tài liệu tham khảo
2. Cash, Scottye J, Jeffrey A Bridge. Epidemiology of Youth Suicide and Suicidal Behavior. Current Opinion in Pediatrics. 2009;21(5):613-19.
3. Ivey-Stephenson, Asha Z, Zewditu Demissie, et al. Suicidal Ideation and Behaviors Among High School Students - Youth Risk Behavior Survey, United States, 2019. MMWR Supplements. 2020;69(1):47-55.
4. Miron, Oren, Kun-Hsing Yu, et al. Suicide Rates Among Adolescents and Young Adults in the United States, 2000-2017. JAMA. 2019;321(23):2362.
5. Ministry of Health, General Statistics Office, World Health Organization, United Nations Children’s Fund, (2010). The 2nd National Survey of Adolescents and Young People in Vietnam (SAVY II). Hanoi Vietnam.
6. Orbach I. Suicide prevention for adolescents. In: King R, Apter A, editors. Suicide in Children and Adolescents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2006;1-40.
7. Patton GC, Sawyer SM, Santelli JS, et al. Our future: a Lancet commission on adolescent health and wellbeing. Lancet. 2016;387:2423-78.
8. Bridge JA, Goldstein TR, Brent DA. Adolescent suicide and suicidal behavior. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2006;47:372-94.
9. Brent D, Mann J. Familial factors in adolescent suicidal behaviour. In: King R, Apter A, editors. Suicide in Children and Adolescents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2006;86-117.
10. Portzky G, Audenaert K, van Heeringen K. Suicide among adolescents. A psychological autopsy study of psychiatric, psychosocial and personality-related risk factors. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2005;40:922-30.
11. Bilsen J. Suicide and Youth: Risk Factors. Front Psychiatry. 2018;540(9):134-37.
12. Bondy B, Buettner A, Zill P. Genetics of suicide. Mol Psychiatry. 2006;11:336-51.
13. Agerbo E, Nordentoft M, Mortensen PB. Familial, psychiatric, and socioeconomic risk factors for suicide in young people: Nested case-control study. BMJ. 2002;325:74-77.
14. Pelkonen M, Marttunen M. Child and adolescent suicide: epidemiology, risk factors, and approaches to prevention. Paediatr Drugs. 2003;5:243-65.
15. Gould MS. Suicide and the media. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2001;932:200-21.
16. Apter A, Wasserman D. Adolescent attempted suicide. In: King R, Apter A, editors. Suicide in Children and Adolescents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2006;63-85.
17. Van Heeringen K. The suicidal process and related concepts. In: van Heeringen K. editor. Understanding Suicidal Behaviour. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 2001;136-59.
18. Gould M, Shaffer D, Greenberg T. The epidemiology of youth suicide. In: King R, Apter A, editors. Suicide in Children and Adolescents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2006;1-40.
19. Cooper J, Kapur N, Webb R, et al. Suicide after deliberate self-harm: a 4-year cohort study. Am J Psychiatry. 2005;162:297-303.