1. Detection of pathogenic variants related to severe dominant monogenic diseases by non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT-SGD)

Dao Thi Trang, Luong Thi Lan Anh, Nguyen Duy Anh, Nguyen Huu Duc Anh, Nguyen Thi Sim, Nguyen Thi Hao, Tang Hung Sang, Tran Vu Uyen, Nguyen Hoai Nghia, Giang Hoa

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Tóm tắt

Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) as a screening method for common chromosomal abnormalities such as trisomy 21, 18, and 13 has been widely adopted. In the last five years, the possibility of NIPT to detect common single-gene disorders (SGD) due to de novo mutations or paternal inherited had been reported worldwide. Our report describes the first cases in Vietnam that identified pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants by NIPT-SGD in fetuses. These findings were compared with the diagnostic testing (whole exome sequencing/WES) on amniotic fluid/placenta tissue/umbilical cord blood samples. Single-gene NIPT detected pathogenic variants in the fetuses on TSC2, FGFR3, FGFR2 (two cases), and PTPN11 genes. All results coincided with the subsequent diagnosis. Preliminary research showed the potential of cell-free fetal DNA analysis for prenatal screening of dominant single-gene mutations.

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Tài liệu tham khảo

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