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It has been estimated that 5.6 million abortions occur each year among adolescent girls aged 15 - 19 years, of which 3.9 million are unsafe. The situation in Asia is particularly complicated compared to other regions due to the distinction in socio-cultural characteristics. This study aimed to describe abortion knowledge and experiences of adolescent girls in Asian countries in the period 2010 - 2020. Among 22 included publications, 41% of the studies were conducted in South-East Asia. The percentage of girls lacked knowledge and had improper perceptions of abortion could be as high as 95.7%. Common reasons for abortion were health conditions and socio-economic pressures, such as poverty and the need to maintain social self-sufficiency. Medical and surgical abortion was common, and while many girls went to hospitals and legitimate health providers, some did it themselves or went to clandestine abortion. Physical complications included menstrual disorders, pain, fever, vaginal bleeding or even septic shock, while feeling guilty and stressed was flagged as emotional consequences. To improve the situation of teenage abortion in Asia, adolescents should be provided with adequate knowledge on abortion laws and care, parents should be more open to this issue and governments should consider permitting legal abortion among adolescents.
Chi tiết bài viết
adolescent girls, abortion, Asia, knowledge, attitude
Tài liệu tham khảo
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