Sleep disturbances and frailty status in older adults in Vietnam

Nguyen Trung Anh, Nguyen Thi Ngoc Anh, Dang Thi Xuan, Nguyen Xuan Thanh

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Tóm tắt

This cross-sectional study aimed to describe sleep disturbance and its association with frailty syndrome among 903 older adults at the National Geriatric Hospital in Vietnam. Frailty was diagnosed according to the Fried criteria. Sleep disturbances was assessed based on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Of 903 patients, the mean age was 71.8 (SD = 8.5), and 537 (59.5%) were female. Most (96.7%) of the patients diagnosed with frailty had poor sleep; 95.3% had to get up at midnight or early morning; 93.3% could not sleep within 30 minutes; 86% had sleep efficiency less than 85%; 53.3% coughed at night; 50.7% had nightmares; and 27.3% and 22.7% of patients felt hot and cold, respectively. The majority (80.0%) of patients must get up to use the bathroom. In conclusion, most older adult diagnosed with frailty experienced at least one form of of sleep disturbance. Medical staffs should attend to the patient’s sleep quality, especially in patients with frailty.

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